This amazing and colourful fish is very sociable in day time ! At night it looks for dwellings in the corals and there they form coccon of mucus . Coccon is a protection from nocturnal predators !And covers the smell !They have fused teeth that form plates, giving them a parrotlike look .
Family : Scaridae
Average Length : From 8 inches to 3 feet
Diet : Algae living on the reef and Coral Polyps
Lifespan : up to 7 years
Why do we need parrotfish ?
Parrotfish conservation : A recent census called Reef Check—conducted by scientists and about 5,000 volunteer scuba divers and local fishermen—included a 5 year survey of about 300 of the world's coral reefs. The results showed that the number of coral reef animals has seriously declined.
Caribbean-wide analysis shows that the to save coral reefs we need to protect Parrot fish !
Crazy facts about Parrotfish !
Having a tan on the beach in the sand ? Have you evr thought about sand ! ? A lot of the crystal white sand forming tropical beaches is parrotfish produced poop: After digesting coral rock, it's excreted as sand.
Measuring more than 4 feet in length and at 100 pounds, bumphead parrotfish from the Indo-Pacific are the family's largest member found .
Parrotfishes produce tons of coral reef sand each year. The sand-making process begins as the fishes graze on the algal film that grows on coral rock. To feed on the algae, the fishes munch on pieces of coral.
Teeth in their throats grind the coral, which then travels through their digestive systems and is deposited in the reef as white coral sand.
Parrotfishes swim by rowing themselves along with their pectoral (side) fins.
Parrotfish can often be noticed because they raise clouds of dust as they devour coral.
Parrotfish rely on the sun to navigate.
Divers swimming by reefs may hear parrotfish because of the noise they make while eating.
At night the parrotfish school breaks up and each enters it's own crevice to sleep.
Their meat is rarely consumed in the United States, but is a delicacy in many other parts of the world. In Polynesia, it is served raw and was once considered "royal food," only eaten by the king.
90 % of parrotfishes day goes to eating algea of the coral reefs
Parrotfish poop is sand : 1 parrotfist can produce up to 200 pounds of sand a year
"Stoplight Parrotfish" sound funny , but it fits this fish perfectly. Divers will notice immediately that it strongly resembling a parrot's. Just like traffic signals, Stoplight Parrotfish have a color change during their lifecycle: they change from red to green.
Papua New Guinea